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MySQL


MySQL is open source and easily the most popular and preferred relational Database Management System (RDBMS) for web-based applications. It uses the Structured Query Language (SQL) and is written in C and C++. It gets its name MySQL by adding "My" (name of Michael Widenius's daughter) to SQL. Michael is one of the co-founders of MySQL along with David Axmark in 1994. MySQL is pronounced as My Ess Que Ell.  It supports all major operating systems like Linux, Windows, UNIX.  It is powerful, reliable, quick in processing, flexible and an easy to use the database.

MySQL was first released in 1995 by a Swedish company My SQL AB. The company is now owned by Oracle Corp. who purchased the company in 2008. It is a free software database engine and is a part of the LAMP architecture (Linux operating system, Apache web server, MySQL database, and PHP or Perl or Python scripting language). Some of the popular MySQL/PHP based scripts include osCommerce, Joomla and phpBB. It boasts of running as a back-end database for some high-end websites like Facebook, Twitter, Wikipedia, Google, and YouTube. MySQL source code is freely available project getting its GNU public License since 2000 June. It can be used freely within a website without any license fee.

Some of the MySQL offshoots popularly called forks include Percona Server, MariaDB, and Drizzle. Percona server is created by Percona as a drop-in backward-compatible replacement for MySQL databases and is much faster, highly scalable, easier to monitor and offers superior performance. Drizzle built by Brian Aker is an open source database management system redesigned version of MySQL version 6.0 written in C++ script. MariaDB is developed by the MySQL co-founder Michael Widenius and the name Maria comes after his second daughter. MariaDB server is a high performing reliable, the secured server keeps websites running 24/7 without much fuss. 


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