Dedicated hosting or VPS hosting is preferred by majority of website owners or bloggers. It is practically not possible to devote enough time to look after security of the servers. However, you can consider some simple tips to achieve optimum protection of your servers.

Server audits

You need to know everything about locations of vulnerabilities and what is running within systems in order to initiate steps towards server security. Hence the very first step is to execute your server’s audit by accessing one of the tools that are exclusively designed for these activities. Ideally one must carry out one time audit and hardening as well as regular auditing systems. There are tools available for external or remote audits as well.

By critically examining applications and services that are running o the system, you need to introspect a bit and understand usefulness of so many functionalities and applications for your server operations. If there are unnecessary applications being run on the system, then the entire server is bound to experience overload at some point of time. This will also enhance vulnerabilities of the server that are avoidable.

Steer clear of passwords while accessing server

Even if is by force of the habit or due to any other reason, you should avoid use of password to access server. It is recommended that you should generate and configure an SSH key. This can be used by your client to further access the server to mitigate possibility of password hacking.

You need to understand that SSH is the prime target of cyber criminals. Hence you need to be concerned about its security. There are very simple tips to be followed for protecting an SSH key including changing of default port of SSH configuration, prevention of root access through SSH login, and limiting logins to very few select users.

Significance of dedicated SSL

You should note that the default self-signed SSL provided with cPanel server is not sufficiently secure. This results in security warnings due to errors. If you install a trusted SSL by using a WHM or SSH root, then you can definitely avoid such errors.

Frequent malware and virus scanning is must

Timely detection of malware or viruses is very important so that steps to remove these from the system can be initiated as early as possible. This can only be possible by implementing periodic scanning for viruses and malware detection.

Importance of trusted ISP for server access

Accessing your server from a net café or any other public sources of connectivity such as free Wi-Fi zones can significantly compromise security of server. You need to procure a static IP from your trusted Internet Service Provider and make sure that other accesses are blocked by configuring the same with your server firewall. This also implies a possibility that your own access may be denied if your ISP is not configured for root firewall access.

Focus on server and process monitoring

Server processes and warnings need to be periodically monitored because it is observed that majority of users hardly care about the processes and warnings. Ideal frequency needs to be kept at once a weekly as far as inspecting error logs of server to maintain health of server.

Regular backup of vital data

Regular backup of important data must be implemented to make sure that you are ready to face any worst case scenario. Backup should also be created prior to any major change in applications. In relation with the frequency of content changes, you should also undertake maintenance of backup. Backups should also be saved at location that is different than your server.

Keep on updating

Vulnerabilities within server updates are detectable any time and these can lead to compromised security of web based applications. This highlights the need to keep all applications and services regularly updated with the most recently released versions. Compatibility of updates with the system can be confirmed by referring to the documentation made available by the vendor.

Strong passwords

Strength of passwords is the most important criterion of good security practices. Passwords should be created by combining upper and lower case letters, numbers, and special characters. These passwords should also be changed every two to three months period as recommended by security experts.